COMPANY REGISTRATION: STARTUP REGISTRATION
Company registration is a process to create a legal identity of a company by registering it under the company law in force. Company registration in India is regulated under the companies act, 2013 (erstwhile companies act, 1956). The company so formed can be a Not-for-profit organisation, a Startup, MSME etc. Ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) is the regulatory body which looks forward to protect investors’ rights and look after compliance procedure for company registration online.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF COMPANY THAT CAN BE FORMED?
Limited Liability partnership: LLP is an alternative form of carrying business that brings in the perks of limited liability and the flexibility of a partnership. LLP is a separate legal entity from its partners & both have a different level of liability. LLP liability is limited to its assets but the liability of the partners is limited to their agreed contribution in the LLP. No partner is liable for independent or unauthorized actions of other partners.
Private Limited Company: Private limited companies possess a different character of relationship in terms of ownership, risk & reward as compared to other types of companies. Since most private companies don’t have access to capital markets, they require less rigorous protection for their shareholders. However, they represent an important organizational form for business conduct.
Public limited company: As per Company Act 2013, a public limited company (PLC) is the one that has limited liability and offers its shares to the general public out there who are interested to have some stake in the company. Their stock can be purchased either in person or through an Initial public offering (IPO) via stock market.
One Person Company: The concept of registering One Person Company (OPC) was introduced for the first time under the companies act, 2013. Unlike a Private Company where a minimum of 2 Directors are required, whereas in a Public Company, a minimum of 3 Directors and a minimum of 7 members. A one person company can be formed with just one director as its member.
WHAT IS COMPANY REGISTRATION PROCESS?
Ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) regulates company registration process in India in accordance with the law in force.
Name the company: First and foremost requirement in company registration process is to finalise a name for your company which is not in use by any other brand. Choosing the right name for your business will make or break your company future.
Apply for digital signature certificate (DSC): It is important to apply for Digital signature certificate (DSC) since it is the most trusted way of authorising and verifying the documents. The chances of tempering with a DSC are minimal as compared to a hand signature.
Apply for Director Identification number (DIN): DIN is a unique identification number which is associated with existing or potential director a company so incorporated. As per companies act, 2013 every individual who intends to become a director in a company, must obtain a director identification number (DIN).
Submit your MOA/AOA documents: Memorandum & articles of association forms the basis for the functioning of the company. It defines the rules & regulations for the and the objectives, vision & mission of the business entity. The document lays down that how a task needs to be performed within the company. The document is also known as the “Constitution of the company”.
Apply for PAN/TAN: Permanent account number (PAN) & Tax deduction & collection account number (TAN) is an important document in company registration process for every business since this will help you in filing income tax return and keep a record of it.
Get your Incorporation certificate: After all the documents are prepared and submitted with the authorities within the stipulated time period. After careful screening of the documents the company incorporation certificate will be released.
Current bank account in company’s name: Now you are all set to open your current account with the bank in registered company’s name. since it is required to submit the incorporation certificate, MOA & AOA with the bank to open your current account therefore it is the last step in online company registration process.